Fine Asian Art

by Alastair Gibson Auctions

14 Dec 2022 10:30 GMT Live Webcast Auction

Important Information


Due to the introduction of Money Laundering Regulations if you wish to bid at this auction you will need to register and provide two forms of identification;


1: Photographic identification – either a current passport or photographic driving licence

2: Proof of address – either a utility bill or official document showing your name and address


You can register in person during the view or by contacting the office on +44 (0)7831 645468 or emailing


You will be asked to show your documents during the view or to email copies of them to the office.


Please note: registering through or through our website does not automatically register you to bid with us.


You may be asked to pay a deposit and any deposit must be paid by bank transfer prior to the sale. Alastair Gibson Auctions must have cleared funds no later than 12 noon on the day before the sale. If you are not successful you will be refunded without interest within seven working days. Please note that refunds of payments made from non UK bank accounts may be subject to currency fluctuations.


Bank transfers should be sent to: Lloyds Bank, Week Street, Maidstone

Account name: Gibson Auctioneers Sort Code: 30-95-37
Account: 73642760


IBAN: GB68 LOYD 3095 3773 6427 60

Once registration is complete you will be provided with a paddle number.



Please note that the condition of lots is not stated in the catalogue descriptions. Condition reports are available on request prior to the sale. The absence of condition reports in the catalogue does not imply that the lot is free from imperfections or faults. All measurements given in the catalogue should be regarded as approximate.



Please note that lots marked λ in this auction will be subject to strict CITES when exported. If applicable, buyers should satisfy themselves before bidding that they are able to comply with these regulations before submitting any bids. For further information please visit



To bid in the room you will need a paddle. This can be obtained from the office either during the view or on the day of the sale.



If you wish to bid by telephone please contact us by email on before 12 noon on the day before the sale. Requests for telephone bidding may not be accepted after this time.



If you are unable to attend the sale you can leave a commission bid. This will be executed on your behalf by the auctioneer who will purchase the lot as cheaply as possible taking into account any reserve price and other bids.



Live online bidding is available via An additional commission of 4.95% plus VAT (5.94% inclusive of VAT) on the hammer price is payable to The Saleroom (ATG Media) for use of the live auction facility. This charge will be added to your invoice automatically.




Bids on these lots can be made by commission bidding, telephone bidding or in person in the room. 


In order to bid on premium lots, you will be required to complete our premium lot registration form and pay a deposit of £10,000 (each lot) which must be made by bank transfer. This form must be completed and the deposit received before 12 noon the day before the auction.  

In order to register to bid on these lots and pay the deposit please contact us as soon as possible. 



The buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium of 25% plus VAT @ 20% (totaling 30% inclusive) on the first £500,000 and 12% plus VAT @ 20% (14.4% inclusive) thereafter.



Lots marked with a dagger (†) are subject to VAT on the hammer price. Lots marked with an omega (Ω) have been temporarily imported from outside the UK and are subject to VAT at 5% on the hammer price and the buyers premium.



Payment is due immediately after the auction and must be paid in pounds sterling. Funds must be cleared before purchases can be released to you or your nominated shipper.


Payments can be made by cash or by bank transfer.


Please note we can only accept cash up to a sterling equivalent of 10,000 euros.


Bank transfers should be sent to:

Lloyds Bank, Week Street, Maidstone

Account name: Gibson Auctioneers Sort Code: 30-95-37
Account: 73642760

IBAN: GB68 LOYD 3095 3773 6427 60



Please be aware that all lots will be removed from the auction venue immediately after the sale. Please contact Alastair Gibson to arrange collection of lots.


We reserve the right to add storage charges to all lots not collected within 30 calendar days of the sale. This will include a handling fee of £25 (plus vat) per invoice and a storage charge of £5 (plus vat) per lot per day. No goods will be released until these charges have been paid.



Alastair Gibson Auctions can provide worldwide shipping quotes in association with our nominated shipper. Please note, that we cannot be held responsible for any damage or loss to items once they are in the hands of a carrier.



If you intend to export your property, import taxes, customs duties and other fees may apply at the country of destination. It is your responsibility to ensure that your shipment can be lawfully imported to the destination country. All fees relating to this are the responsibility of the buyer.


Please note that due to the withdrawal of the Retail Export Scheme by HMRC, we are unable to provide VAT refund documentation (C88) for hand-carried exports. In order to qualify for a VAT refund, your lots must be exported by a shipper and valid export documentation must be provided prior to the VAT refund being applied.

Terms & Conditions

Alastair Gibson Auctions carries on business with bidders, buyers and all those present in the auction room prior to or in connection with a sale on the following General Conditions and on such other terms, conditions and notices as may be referred to herein.


In these Conditions: 

(a)  ‘auctioneer’ means Alastair Gibson Auctions or its authorised auctioneer, as appropriate; 

(b)  ‘deliberate forgery’ means an imitation made with the intention of deceiving as to authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source but which is unequivocally described in the catalogue as being the work of a particular creator and which at the date of the sale had a value materially less than it would have had if it had been in accordance with the description; 

(c)  ‘hammer price’ means the level of bidding reached (at or above any reserve) when the auctioneer brings down the hammer; 

(d)  ‘terms of consignment’ means the stipulated terms and rates of commission on which Alastair Gibson Auctions accepts instructions from sellers or their agents; 

(e)  ‘total amount due’ means the hammer price in respect of the lot sold together with any premium, Value Added Tax chargeable and any additional charges payable by a defaulting buyer under these Conditions; 

(f)  ‘sale proceeds’ means the net amount due to the seller, being the hammer price of the lot sold less commission at the stated rate, Value Added Tax chargeable and any other amounts due to us by the seller in whatever capacity and however arising. 

(g)  ‘‘You’, ‘Your’, etc. refer to the buyer as identified in Condition 2. 

(h)  The singular includes the plural and vice versa as appropriate.



(a) Bidders are required to register their particulars before bidding and to satisfy any security arrangements before entering the auction room to view or bid; 

(b) the maker of the highest bid accepted by the
auctioneer conducting the sale shall be the buyer at
the hammer price and any dispute about a bid shall be (i.) settled at the auctioneer’s absolute discretion by
reoffering the Lot during the course of the auction or (ii.) otherwise. The auctioneer shall act reasonably in
exercising this discretion. (iii.) 

 (c) Bidders shall be deemed to act as principals.
(d) Our right to bid on behalf of the seller is expressly 

reserved up to the amount of any reserve and the right to refuse any bid is also reserved. 



Bidding increments shall be at the auctioneer’s sole discretion. 



The Buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 25% plus VAT @20% (totalling 30% inclusive) on the first £500,000 and 12% plus VAT @20% (14.4%) inclusive thereafter. 



Value Added Tax on the hammer price is imposed by law on all items affixed with a † or Ω. Value Added Tax is charged at the appropriate rate prevailing by law at the date of sale and is payable by buyers of relevant lots. (Please refer to ‘Information for Buyers’ for a brief explanation of the VAT position). 



(a)       Immediately a lot is sold you will:

(i) give to us, if requested, proof of identity, and
(ii) pay to us the total amount due in pounds sterling 

(b)  Any payments by you to us may be applied by us towards any sums owing from you to us on any account whatever without regard to any directions of you or your agent, whether express or implied. 

(c)  In line with new legislation we reserve the right to investigate and identify the source of any funds received by us. The completion of the sale of a Lot will be postponed or cancelled at our discretion if further time is needed for investigation, or if you are in breach of your warranties as a buyer, or if we consider the sale to be unlawful or in any way cause liabilities or be detrimental to either Alastair Gibson Auctions or the Seller. 



(a)  The ownership of any Lots purchased shall not pass to you until you have made payment in full to us of the total amount due. 

(b)  You shall at your own risk and expense collect any lots that you have purchased and paid for from our premises not later than 3 working days following the day of the auction or upon the clearance of any cheque used for payment (if later) after which you shall be responsible for any collection, storage and insurance charges. 

(c)  No purchase may be collected and we shall not release any lot to you or your agent until it has been paid for. 



(a) If any Lot is not paid for in full and taken away in accordance with these Conditions or if there is any other breach of these Conditions, we, as agent for the seller and on our own behalf, shall at our absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights we may have, be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights and remedies: 

(i) to proceed against you for damages for breach of contract;
(ii) to rescind the sale of that lot and/or any other lots sold by us to you;
(iii) to resell the lot (by auction or private treaty) in which case you shall be responsible for any resulting deficiency in the total amount due (after crediting any part payment and adding any resale costs). Any surplus so arising shall belong to the seller;
(iv) to remove, store and insure the lot at your expense and, in the case of storage, either at our premises or elsewhere;
(v) to charge interest at a rate not exceeding 1.5% per month on the total amount due to the extent it remains unpaid for more than 3 working days after the sale;
(vi) to retain that or any other lot sold to you until you pay the total amount due;
(vii) to reject or ignore bids from you or your agent at future auctions or to impose conditions before any such bids shall be accepted;
(viii) to apply any proceeds of sale of other Lots due or in future becoming due to you towards the settlement of the total amount due and to exercise a lien (that is a right to retain possession of any of your property in our possession for any purpose until the debt due is satisfied. 

(b) We shall, as agent for the seller and on our own behalf pursue these rights and remedies only so far as is reasonable to make appropriate recovery in respect of breach of these conditions 



All members of the public on our premises are there at their own risk and must note the lay-out of the accommodation and security arrangements. Accordingly neither the auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall incur liability for death or personal injury (except as required by law by reason of our negligence) or similarly for the safety of the property of persons visiting prior to or at a sale. 



Whilst prospective buyers are strongly advised to attend the auction and are always responsible for any decision to bid for a particular lot and shall be assumed to have carefully inspected and satisfied themselves as to its condition, we will if so instructed clearly and in writing execute bids on their behalf. Neither the auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall be responsible for any failure to do so save where such failure is unreasonable. Where two or more commission bids at the same level are recorded we reserve the right in our absolute discretion to prefer the first bid so made. 



The seller warrants to the auctioneer and you that the seller is the true owner of the property consigned or is properly authorised by the true owner to consign it for sale and is able to transfer good and marketable title to the property free from any third party claims. 



The auctioneer normally acts as agent only and disclaims any responsibility for default by sellers or buyers. 



The seller acknowledges that lots are sold subject to the stipulations of these Conditions in their entirety and on the Terms of Consignment as notified to the consignor at the time of the entry of the lot. 



(a)  Whilst we seek to describe lots accurately, it may be impractical for us to carry out exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Prospective buyers are given ample opportunities to view and inspect before any sale and they (and any independent experts on their behalf) must satisfy themselves as to the accuracy of any description applied to a lot. Prospective buyers also bid on the understanding that, inevitably, representations or statements by us as to authorship, genuineness, origin, date, age, provenance, condition or estimated selling price involve matters of opinion. We undertake that any such opinion shall be honestly and reasonably held and accept liability for opinions given negligently or fraudulently. Subject to the foregoing neither we the auctioneer nor our employees or agents nor the seller accept liability for the correctness of such opinions and all conditions and warranties, whether relating to description, condition or quality of lots, express, implied or statutory, are hereby excluded. This Condition is subject to the next following Condition concerning deliberate forgeries and applies save as provided for in paragraph 6 ‘information to buyers’. 

(b)  Private treaty sales made under these Conditions are deemed to be sales by auction for purposes of consumer legislation. 



Notwithstanding the preceding Condition, any lot which proves to be a deliberate forgery (as defined) may be returned to us by you within 21 days of the auction provided it is in the same condition as when bought, and is accompanied by particulars identifying it from the relevant catalogue description and a written statement of defects. If we are satisfied from the evidence presented that the lot is a deliberate forgery we shall refund the money paid by you for the lot including any buyer’s premium provided that (1) if the catalogue description reflected the accepted view of scholars and experts as at the date of sale or (2) you personally are not able to transfer a good and marketable title to us, you shall have no rights under this condition. The right of return provided by this Condition is additional to any right or remedy provided by law or by these Conditions of Sale. 




16. We shall have the right at our discretion, to refuse admission to our premises or attendance at our auctions by any person. 



(a) Any right to compensation for losses liabilities and expenses incurred in respect of and as a result of any breach of these Conditions and any exclusions provided by them shall be available to the seller and/or the auctioneer as appropriate. 

(b) Such rights and exclusions shall extend to and be deemed to be for the benefit of employees and agents of the seller and/or the auctioneer who may themselves enforce them. 


18. Any notice to any buyer, seller, bidder or viewer may be given by first class mail or Swiftmail in which case it shall be deemed to have been received by the addressee 48 hours after posting.


19. Special terms may be used in catalogue descriptions of particular classes of items in which case the descriptions must be interpreted in accordance with any glossary appearing in the catalogue.


20. Any indulgence extended to bidders buyers or sellers by us notwithstanding the strict terms of these Conditions or of the Terms of Consignment shall affect the position at the relevant time only and in respect of that particular concession only; in all other respects these Conditions shall be construed as having full force and effect. 


21. English law applies to the interpretation of these Conditions.


22. Prior written consent must be sought by the buyer or any 

other party for the use of any images, illustrations and written materials produced by or for Alastair Gibson Auctions relating to a lot or sale, including the contents of a catalogue. Copyright for any of the aforementioned will remain the property of Alastair Gibson Auctions, subject to the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. Alastair Gibson Auctions and the seller make no representations or warranties that the buyer of a lot will acquire any copyright or other reproduction rights to it. 


In accordance with long standing practice in Fine Art Sale Rooms certain terms used in descriptions in the Catalogue have the meanings ascribed to them in the glossary below. 



Any statement as to authorship, attribution, origin, date, age, provenance and condition is a statement of opinion and is not to be taken as a statement of fact. The Company reserves the right, in forming their opinion, to consult and rely upon any expert or authority considered by them to be reliable. 

(a)  Edward Lear: In our opinion a work by the artist. (When the artist’s forename(s) is not known, a series of asterisks, followed by the surname of the artist, whether preceded by an initial or not, indicates that in our opinion the work is by the artist named. 

(b)  Attributed to Edward Lear: In our opinion probably a work by the artist but less certainty as to authorship is expressed than in the preceding category. 

(c)  Studio of Edward Lear: In our opinion a work by an unknown hand in the studio of the artist which may be or may not have been executed under the artist’s direction. 

(d)  Circle of Edward Lear: In our opinion a work by an as yet unidentified but distinct hand, closely associated with the named artist but not necessarily his pupil. 

(e)  Style of ...; Follower of Edward Lear: In our opinion a work by a painter working in the artist’s style, contemporary or nearly contemporary, but not necessarily his pupil. 

(f)  Manner of Edward Lear: In our opinion a work in the style of the artist and of a later date. 

(g)  After Edward Lear: In our opinion a copy of a known work of the artist. 

(h)  The term signed and/or dated and/or inscribed means that in our opinion the signature and/or date and/or inscription are from the hand of the artist. 

(i)  The term bears a signature and/or date and/or inscription means that in our opinion the signature and/or date and/or inscription have been added by another hand. 

(j)  Dimensions are given height before width. (k) Pictures are framed unless otherwise stated. 



If, on collation, any named item in this catalogue proves defective in text or illustration, the lot may be returned within 14 days of the sale with the defects stated in writing. This proviso shall not apply to defects stated in the catalogue or announced at the time of sale; nor to the absence of blanks, half titles, tissue guards or advertisements, damage in respect of bindings, stains, spotting, marginal tears or other defects not affecting completeness of text or illustration; nor to drawings, autographs, letters or manuscripts, signed photographs, music, atlases, maps or periodicals; nor to books not identified by title; nor to books sold not subject to return. 



Droit de Suite is a royalty payable to a qualifying artist or the artist’s heirs each time a work is resold during the artist’s lifetime and up to a period of 70 years after the artist’s death. Royalties are calculated on a sliding percentage scale based on the hammer price excluding the buyer’s premium. The royalty does not apply to lots selling below the sterling equivalent of £1,000 and the maximum royalty payable on any single lot is the sterling equivalent of £10,000. 

Droit de Suite, which is not subject to VAT, will be added to the buyer’s purchase price and then passed on to the relevant collecting agency by the auctioneer.
Please enquire for the accepted exchange rate on the day of the sale. 

Royalties for Droit de Suite are as follows: 4% Up to £50,000 3% £50,000.01 - 200,000
1% £200,000.01 - 350,000
0.5% £350,000.01 - 500,000 

0.25% In excess of £500,000 

Up to a maximum levy of £10,000
Lots marked with a ‡ symbol are potentially subject to the levy