Lot

17

Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor

In Unique Objects - Friday 16th December 2022

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Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 1 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 2 of 24
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Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 16 of 24
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Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 6 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 7 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 8 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 9 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 10 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 11 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 12 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 13 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 14 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 15 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 16 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 17 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 18 of 24
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 19 of 24
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Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis   19th century Ephemera relating to Victor - Image 24 of 24
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Stowmarket, Suffolk
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis  19th century Ephemera relating to Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion, a French Royalist émigré who fought with the British for the Bourbon cause during the Napoleonic wars, documents and letters dating from 1802 and a framed watercolour of his wife Maria (Nee Fawcett) dated 1831Victor Pierre de Gaudrion was born in 1771 at Dol in Brittany, the son of a noble family, in 1785 at age 14 he was appointed as a Page to Queen Marie Antoinette but missed out on the coveted position when he contracted smallpox. He attended the Artillery School for Officers at Metz and in 1791 left France with his family for England after the arrest of Louis XVII, Victor and his father going on to Germany to join Royalist forces gathering under the King of Prussia. Frederick abandoned the Bourbon cause however, and the French Princes disbanded the émigré Corps that had rallied to them. Victor and his father fled to Jersey where they were reunited with his mother, he then travelled to England where he was appointed 2nd Lieutenant in a Battalion of Foreign Artillery under orders for the expedition to Quiberon, after the failure of this operation and its terrible aftermath, the survivors, including Victor returned to England and were reorganised at Lymington. His Battalion of Artillery, together with 4 Battalions of Foreign Infantry officered by French émigré was sent to Portugal to support the Portuguese against  the invading French, serving there for 6 years. Upon the short peace with France in 1802 the Battalion returned to England and was disbanded at Gosport. Victor decided to stay in England while his parents returned to France, a decision they came to regret, sending Victors brother Ferdinand to England for him to care for. Another brother, Henri, fearing conscription ran away to sea but was captured by the English and his ship brought to Portsmouth as a prize, Henri becoming a Prisoner of War on one of the Hulks. After several years Victor was eventually able to obtain his parole but Henri’s health was so damaged by the experience that he died within a few months. Denied further employment in the British army Victor stayed in England from 1802 to 1814 witnessing the entry of Louis XVIII into London prior to his return to the French throne. Victor also went back to France, joining his mother and sister in Dol, he then proceeded to make claims on the French Government for losses the family had incurred during the Revolution. He was appointed Marachel des Logis (sergeant) des Garde du Corps du Roi in the Company of the Duc de Noailles, and was knighted a Chevalier de St. Louis, this gave him the rank of Major in the army. Shortly afterwards however, Victor found himself escorting King Louis XVIII out of Paris to Ghent after the army defected to Napoleon during the 100 Days. De Gaudrion remained in Belgium until after the Battle of Waterloo and Louis XVIII was restored to the throne, and was part of the escort when he returned to Paris on 8th July 1815. Victor was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in the Artillery of the Royal Guard and obtained command of the artillery of the Fortress of St Malo in Brittany where his mother and sister had settled. In 1818 the English General Fawcett and his family stayed in St Malo while travelling through France and Victor was introduced to them, in 1819 becoming the husband of General Fawcett’s daughter Maria (Maria’s grandfather was General Sir William Fawcett 1727-1804). Victor remained in command at St Malo until 1830, his wife and two children spending most of their time in England at Brighton.  After Victor passed away in 1855, Maria stayed in England, living with her daughter until her death in 1865. Victor and Maria’s granddaughter Flora De Gaudrion Merrifield was involved in the early Women’s Suffrage movement in England and became secretary of the Brighton and Hove Women’s Franchise Society affiliated to the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies.The Lot includes a watercolour of Maria De Gaudrion, Nee Fawcett, which was painted at Lymington in 1831 and measures  10.5 cm x 12.5 cm,  there is a letter, in English, dated 11th December 1802, from St James Palace to the ‘Chevalier de Gaudrion, late Lieutenant in Roteliers Artillery’ declining his request to serve again in the Military Department of the Ordnance, a cutting from the Times Literary Supplement dated 25th September 1930 relating to the Battle of Quiberon in 1795 in which de Gaudrion took part and which resulted in the massacre of Royalist prisoners, a collection of official French documents, most beautifully hand written and many with Royal and Second Empire Stamps, these include, a document from 1819 relating to the differences in French and English Law regarding baptism,  a letter from the Ministry of War dated 20th November 1830 giving permission to reside in St Servan, hand written tables relating to the service and firing records of guns of various calibres, possibly from St Malo, printed document from the Ministry of War dated 16th August 1815 relating to Stamp Duty for the invalids fund and war wounded, document from the Ministry of War,Office of Aids and Pensions dated 16th July 1856 awarding Madame de Gaudrion a life pension of 500 Francs ‘in the name of the Emperor’,  hand written document on Ministry of War headed paper from the 6th Division Artillery personnel department  dated 21st November 1815 directing de Gaudrion to go immediately to St Malo to take up the post of deputy director of Artillery, letter from 6th Division Artillery, personnel department, noting that de Gaudrion was on active service as an Artillery Battalion commander and awaiting further orders, hand written Certificate of Registration for a War Pension dated 1815, hand written document relating to Henri Gaudrion ‘Prisoner of war detained near Portsmouth, England’,  Ministry of War headed letter from the Office/Dept. of Artillery dated 16th January 1819 relating to records of service between 1789 and 1792 or rather lack of them, letter from the Ministry of the Royal Household awarding Madame de Gaudrion (Victors mother) a pension of 800 Francs, ‘the King is aware of your self sacrifice’, hand written copy, dated 13th February 1819 of a certificate of baptism for Jean Julien Judith de Gaudrion in 1739,  hand written letter from Ministry of War, Artillery, 6th Division dated 16th October 1815 appointing  de Gaudrion as Artillery Battalion Commander, handwritten copy  dated 1st November 1815 of notice of payment to de Gaudrion as ‘Marachel des Logis des Garde du Corps du Roi’, certificate of service in the Garde du Roi dated January 1816, signed by the Duc de Berry and bearing the stamp of the Commissioner of War, large booklet containing the family tree and notes on the de Gaudrion family, printed booklet commissioned by de Gaudrion’s daughter entitled ‘Reminiscences of Victor P.J de Gaudrion, Chevalier de St Louis’, (Qty)
Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion Chevalier de St Louis  19th century Ephemera relating to Victor Pierre Jean de Gaudrion, a French Royalist émigré who fought with the British for the Bourbon cause during the Napoleonic wars, documents and letters dating from 1802 and a framed watercolour of his wife Maria (Nee Fawcett) dated 1831Victor Pierre de Gaudrion was born in 1771 at Dol in Brittany, the son of a noble family, in 1785 at age 14 he was appointed as a Page to Queen Marie Antoinette but missed out on the coveted position when he contracted smallpox. He attended the Artillery School for Officers at Metz and in 1791 left France with his family for England after the arrest of Louis XVII, Victor and his father going on to Germany to join Royalist forces gathering under the King of Prussia. Frederick abandoned the Bourbon cause however, and the French Princes disbanded the émigré Corps that had rallied to them. Victor and his father fled to Jersey where they were reunited with his mother, he then travelled to England where he was appointed 2nd Lieutenant in a Battalion of Foreign Artillery under orders for the expedition to Quiberon, after the failure of this operation and its terrible aftermath, the survivors, including Victor returned to England and were reorganised at Lymington. His Battalion of Artillery, together with 4 Battalions of Foreign Infantry officered by French émigré was sent to Portugal to support the Portuguese against  the invading French, serving there for 6 years. Upon the short peace with France in 1802 the Battalion returned to England and was disbanded at Gosport. Victor decided to stay in England while his parents returned to France, a decision they came to regret, sending Victors brother Ferdinand to England for him to care for. Another brother, Henri, fearing conscription ran away to sea but was captured by the English and his ship brought to Portsmouth as a prize, Henri becoming a Prisoner of War on one of the Hulks. After several years Victor was eventually able to obtain his parole but Henri’s health was so damaged by the experience that he died within a few months. Denied further employment in the British army Victor stayed in England from 1802 to 1814 witnessing the entry of Louis XVIII into London prior to his return to the French throne. Victor also went back to France, joining his mother and sister in Dol, he then proceeded to make claims on the French Government for losses the family had incurred during the Revolution. He was appointed Marachel des Logis (sergeant) des Garde du Corps du Roi in the Company of the Duc de Noailles, and was knighted a Chevalier de St. Louis, this gave him the rank of Major in the army. Shortly afterwards however, Victor found himself escorting King Louis XVIII out of Paris to Ghent after the army defected to Napoleon during the 100 Days. De Gaudrion remained in Belgium until after the Battle of Waterloo and Louis XVIII was restored to the throne, and was part of the escort when he returned to Paris on 8th July 1815. Victor was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in the Artillery of the Royal Guard and obtained command of the artillery of the Fortress of St Malo in Brittany where his mother and sister had settled. In 1818 the English General Fawcett and his family stayed in St Malo while travelling through France and Victor was introduced to them, in 1819 becoming the husband of General Fawcett’s daughter Maria (Maria’s grandfather was General Sir William Fawcett 1727-1804). Victor remained in command at St Malo until 1830, his wife and two children spending most of their time in England at Brighton.  After Victor passed away in 1855, Maria stayed in England, living with her daughter until her death in 1865. Victor and Maria’s granddaughter Flora De Gaudrion Merrifield was involved in the early Women’s Suffrage movement in England and became secretary of the Brighton and Hove Women’s Franchise Society affiliated to the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies.The Lot includes a watercolour of Maria De Gaudrion, Nee Fawcett, which was painted at Lymington in 1831 and measures  10.5 cm x 12.5 cm,  there is a letter, in English, dated 11th December 1802, from St James Palace to the ‘Chevalier de Gaudrion, late Lieutenant in Roteliers Artillery’ declining his request to serve again in the Military Department of the Ordnance, a cutting from the Times Literary Supplement dated 25th September 1930 relating to the Battle of Quiberon in 1795 in which de Gaudrion took part and which resulted in the massacre of Royalist prisoners, a collection of official French documents, most beautifully hand written and many with Royal and Second Empire Stamps, these include, a document from 1819 relating to the differences in French and English Law regarding baptism,  a letter from the Ministry of War dated 20th November 1830 giving permission to reside in St Servan, hand written tables relating to the service and firing records of guns of various calibres, possibly from St Malo, printed document from the Ministry of War dated 16th August 1815 relating to Stamp Duty for the invalids fund and war wounded, document from the Ministry of War,Office of Aids and Pensions dated 16th July 1856 awarding Madame de Gaudrion a life pension of 500 Francs ‘in the name of the Emperor’,  hand written document on Ministry of War headed paper from the 6th Division Artillery personnel department  dated 21st November 1815 directing de Gaudrion to go immediately to St Malo to take up the post of deputy director of Artillery, letter from 6th Division Artillery, personnel department, noting that de Gaudrion was on active service as an Artillery Battalion commander and awaiting further orders, hand written Certificate of Registration for a War Pension dated 1815, hand written document relating to Henri Gaudrion ‘Prisoner of war detained near Portsmouth, England’,  Ministry of War headed letter from the Office/Dept. of Artillery dated 16th January 1819 relating to records of service between 1789 and 1792 or rather lack of them, letter from the Ministry of the Royal Household awarding Madame de Gaudrion (Victors mother) a pension of 800 Francs, ‘the King is aware of your self sacrifice’, hand written copy, dated 13th February 1819 of a certificate of baptism for Jean Julien Judith de Gaudrion in 1739,  hand written letter from Ministry of War, Artillery, 6th Division dated 16th October 1815 appointing  de Gaudrion as Artillery Battalion Commander, handwritten copy  dated 1st November 1815 of notice of payment to de Gaudrion as ‘Marachel des Logis des Garde du Corps du Roi’, certificate of service in the Garde du Roi dated January 1816, signed by the Duc de Berry and bearing the stamp of the Commissioner of War, large booklet containing the family tree and notes on the de Gaudrion family, printed booklet commissioned by de Gaudrion’s daughter entitled ‘Reminiscences of Victor P.J de Gaudrion, Chevalier de St Louis’, (Qty)

Unique Objects - Friday 16th December 2022

Sale Date(s)
Venue Address
19 Charles Ind. Estate
Stowmarket
Suffolk
IP14 5AH
United Kingdom

General delivery information available from the auctioneer

Bishop and Miller are able to provide an in-house shipping service starting with small unbreakable items that will fit in a padded Jiffy bag up to unbreakable items that fit in a medium box.  As a guide:

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Please note that any lots purchased via the-saleroom.com live auction service will be subject to an additional 4.95% commission charge + VAT at the rate imposed on the hammer price.

 

Collection of sold lots will be available by appointment only.

 

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Online Bidding

Bishop & Miller Auctioneers Ltd offer an online bidding service via the-saleroom.com for bidders who cannot attend the sale. 

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1.            Authorise , if they so wish, to charge the credit card given in part or full payment, including all fees, for items successfully purchased in the auction viathe-saleroom.com, and

2.            confirm that you are authorised to provide these credit card details to Bishop & Miller Auctioneers Ltd through www.the-saleroom.com and agree that Bishop & Miller Auctioneers Ltd are entitled to ship the goods to the card holder name and card holder address provided in fulfilment of the sale.

Please note that any lots purchased via the-saleroom.com live auction service will be subject to an additional 4.95% commission charge + VAT at the rate imposed on the hammer price.

 

The following informative notes are intended to assist buyers, particularly those inexperienced or new to our salerooms.  Our staff will be happy to advise you if there is anything you do not fully understand.


Payment

If you are a first-time buyer we will need your name, address, full contact details and bank details and will require funds to be cleared before purchases can be released.

For those attending the sale we ask that all lots are paid for in full on the day of the Auction.

Commission and Internet bidders should check the success of their bids as soon as possible and forward payment within five working days of the Auction.

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For UK Buyers

The following methods of payment may be made:

  • Payment in cash up to a limit of £10,000.
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  • Bank Transfers can be made via:

 

Barclays

Account number 03598675

Sort code 20-26-34

IBAN no GB44BUKB20263403598675

BIC code BUKBGB22

For Overseas Buyers

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  • Debit Cards and Credit cards (Visa or Mastercard) Up to a value of £300
  • Bank Transfers can be made via:

 

Barclays

Account number 03598675

Sort code 20-26-34

IBAN no GB44BUKB20263403598675

BIC code BUKBGB22

Remedies for Non-Payment or failure to collect purchases

If any Lot is not paid for in full and taken away in accordance with our full Terms and Conditions we, as the agent for the seller, shall at our absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights we have, be entitled to exercise all or any of the below:

 

a)       To proceed against you for breach of contract and damages;

b)      To recind the sale of that Lot and/or any other Lots sold by us to you;

c)       To resell the Lot (by auction or private treaty) in which case you shall be responsible for any resulting deficiency in the total amount due (after crediting any part-payment and adding any resale costs).  Any surplus so arising shall belong to the seller;

d)      To remove, store and insure the Lot at your expense and in the case of storage, either at our premises or elsewhere;

e)       To charge interest not exceeding 1.5% per month on the total amount due to the extent it remains unpaid for 5 days after the Auction date;

f)        To retain that or any other Lot sold to you until you pay the total amount due;

g)       To reject or ignore bids from you or your agent at future auctions or impose conditions before any bids shall be accepted;

h)      To apply any proceeds of sale of other Lots due or in future becoming due to you towards settlement of the total amount due and to exercise a lien on any of your property in our possession for any purpose.

  

Removal
All lots should be paid for and collected by 5pm by the Friday following the sale. Commission bidders are asked to check the success of their bids and arrange payment and collection within this time. Items not removed within one week may be removed at the purchaser's expense. The removal charge is £10 per lot. The storage charge is £1 per lot, per day. We can recommend a number of furniture and goods carriers.


Dispatch
The auctioneers are able to pack and dispatch purchases in some cases, please contact us before the auction to discuss.

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As auctioneers we usually contract as agents for the seller whose identity, for reasons of confidentiality, is not normally disclosed. Accordingly if you buy your primary contract is with the seller.

Estimates
Estimates are designed to help buyers gauge what sort of sum might be involved for the purchase of a particular lot. The lower estimate may represent the reserve price and certainly will not be below it. Estimates do not include the Buyers Premium or VAT. Estimates are prepared some time before the sale and may be altered by announcement before the sale. They are in no sense definitive.

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The Conditions of Sale oblige buyers to pay a buyer’s premium at 22% on the hammer price of each lot purchased. In addition, VAT is charged on this premium.

Condition of Lots
We are, primarily, agents for the seller. We are dependent on information provided by the seller and whilst we may inspect lots and act reasonably in taking a general view about them, we are normally unable to carry out a detailed, or any, examination of lots in order to ascertain their condition in the way in which it would be wise for a buyer to do. Intending buyers have ample opportunity for inspection of goods and, therefore, accept responsibility for inspecting and investigating lots in which they may be interested. Please note carefully the exclusion of liability for the condition of lots contained in the Conditions of Sale. Neither the seller nor we, as the auctioneers, accept any responsibility for their condition. In particular, mechanical objects of any age are not guaranteed to be in working order.


However, in so far as we have examined the goods and make a representation about their condition, we shall be liable for any defect which that examination ought to have revealed to the auctioneer but which would not have been revealed to the buyer had the buyer examined the goods. Additionally, in specified circumstances, lots misdescribed because they are ‘deliberate forgeries’ may be returned and repayment made. There is a 2 week time limit. (The expression ‘deliberate forgery’ is defined in our Conditions of Sale).


Condition Reports
We may be able to assist buyers unable to view by posting or e-mailing a condition report.  We provide the information for guidance only, without legal obligation or prejudice to our standard terms and conditions of sale.  Bishop & Miller Auctioneers cannot be held responsible for damage or faults that may be missed during our inspection of the item(s) in question.  You should not rely upon this report when deciding whether or not to make a bid.  Condition reports do not include manufacturing defects that occurred during the production of the item.  Please note that any attached illustrations are intended as a guide only.  Colours and general appearance may differ from the original item(s).  We strongly recommend that you inspect the lot yourself and consult an independent professional conservator or restorer.  Condition reports cannot be prepared on day of sale. Please see our Conditions of Sale.


Electrical Goods
These are sold as ‘antiques’ only and if bought for use must be checked over for compliance with safety regulations by a qualified electrician first.


Export of Goods
Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain (a) whether an export licence is required and (b) whether there is any specific prohibition on importing goods of that character because they may contain prohibited materials such as ivory.


Buyers Registration
All attending buyers are asked to collect a bidding paddle before the commencement of the sale. Should you be the successful buyer of any lot please ensure that your paddle can be seen by the Auctioneer. Please return your paddle at the end of the sale.


Commission Bidding
Commission Bids may be left with the auctioneers indicating the maximum amount to be bid excluding buyers’ premium. They will be executed as cheaply as possible having regard to the reserve (if any) and competing bids. If two buyers submit identical commission bids the auctioneers may prefer the first bid received. Please enquire in advance about our arrangements for the leaving of commission bids by telephone or e-mail. All absentee bids should be received before the auction commences, we cannot guarantee to accurately execute bids received once the auction has commenced. All email bids must be received by no later than 9.30am on the morning of the sale.


Telephone Bidding
If you are unable to attend the auction it may be possible to bid on the telephone for higher value lots.
The number of lines is limited so we would urge serious telephone bidding only and ask that you be prepared to bid over the top estimate.
It would be advisable to leave a maximum covering bid in case we are not able to contact you by telephone.
All lines must be booked and confirmed in writing before the day of the auction and preferably some time in advance.
Telephone bidding involves many variables and whilst we take every care to ensure the smooth running of this service, we cannot be held liable if your bids are missed for any reason.


Online Bidding
Bishop & Miller Auctioneers offers an online bidding service via the-saleroom.com for bidders who cannot attend the sale. In completing the bidder registration on www.the-saleroom.com and providing your credit card details and unless alternative arrangements are agreed with Bishop & Miller Auctioneers you:
(a) authorise Bishop & Miller Auctioneers, if they so wish, to charge the credit card given in part or full payment, including all fees, for items successfully purchased in the auction via the-saleroom.com, and
(b) confirm that you are authorised to provide these credit card details to Bishop & Miller Auctioneers through www.the-saleroom.com and agree that Bishop & Miller Auctioneers are entitled to ship the goods to the card holder name and card holder address provided in fulfilment of the sale.
Please note that any lots purchased via the-saleroom.com live auction service will be subject to an additional 4.95% commission charge + VAT at the rate imposed on the hammer price

IMPORTANT NOTICES


Removal of lots
ALL lots are to be removed from the premises by 5.00pm at the latest on the Friday following each sale. Bishop & Miller Auctioneers retain the right to remove lots remaining after this time into safe storage, for which a charge will be made.
Electrical Goods
All electrical goods offered in this sale have either been tested and certified by an appropriately qualified electrician or have been operationally disabled. We would strongly advise that any intended re-commissioning is undertaken by an appropriately qualified electrician.
Post 1950 Furniture
All items of furniture included in this sale are offered for sale as works of art. The items may not comply with the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) Safety Regulations 1988 and for this reason, they should not be used in a private dwelling.

Furniture made of Brazilian Rosewood (Dalbergia Negra)

To comply with CITES Regulations on post-1947 furniture made of Brazilian Rosewood, all post-war Rosewood furniture items have article 10 certificates.

 

If you are purchasing Rosewood furniture for commercial purposes and not solely for your own use, CITES regulations require you to obtain your own certificate. You would need to contact the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) and, as part of the process of obtaining your document, it is a requirement that you have seen sight of the Bishop & Miller certificate or are aware of its reference number. It is therefore the responsibility of commercial buyers to ensure that they obtain a copy of the appropriate certificate, or the certificate reference number, after purchase from Bishop & Miller Auctioneers.

See Full Terms And Conditions

Tags: Militaria