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Lot 81 - AN HISTORICALLY INTERESTING FIFTEEN-STAR AMERICAN NAVAL JACK FROM THE ANGLO-AMERICAN WAR OF 1812,

By Charles Miller

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AN HISTORICALLY INTERESTING FIFTEEN-STAR AMERICAN NAVAL JACK FROM THE ANGLO-AMERICAN WAR OF 1812, comprising four conjoined blue bunting strips with fifteen appliquéd five-point stars, canvas sleeve with three suspension loops on the hoist edge, with a manuscript note pinned in the lower left canton inscribed Capt. Thomas R Brown US[N] / This flag was used in the / War of 1812, E.B. -- 61 x 36in. (155 x 91.5cm.); together with an oil on canvas laid down on board oval portrait of Thomas Brown in the uniform of Lieutenant of the U.S. Navy, circa 1807, unsigned -- 12 x 9½in. (30.5 x 24cm.); and his Captain’s commission signed by President James Monroe and dated for 3rd March, 1825, (3), Provenance: Brown family to US book trade; sold to a European collector 1998. Captain Thomas Brown (circa 1785-1828), born in Philadelphia, served in the United States Navy seeing action in both the First Barbary War (1801-5) and the Anglo-American War of 1812. In 1803 he served as a midshipman aboard the Philadelphia with Lt. Stephen Decatur under Commodore Edward Preble on the Constitution and distinguished himself with Decatur when they burnt their ship rather than lose it to enemy action. When Decatur was killed in 1804, Brown acted Second in Command of the squadron. Brown was promoted Lieutenant on 27 March 1807, when it seems likely this portrait was painted., Brown went on to serve in the War of 1812 under Commodore Isaac Chauncey at Sacket’s Harbor, battling for control of Lake Ontario. At the start of the war, the British had command of the lake due to the existence of the Provincial Marine Squadron headed by the 20-gun corvette Royal George. This squadron was not intended for any aggressive action in the war, however very early on it was clear this would not be the case. On 19 July 1812 Commander Hugh Earl led the Provincial Squadron into sight of Sacket’s Harbor and opened fire. Lieutenant Woolsey, in command of the harbour at the time, returned fire, damaging Royal George. Not prepared for any action, Earl and his squadron hastily retreated. Realising the need for a naval presence on Lake Ontario, Chauncey was placed in overall charge at Sacket’s Harbor that August. On arrival, Chauncey went about building a squadron, and bought many ships, including the Governor Tompkins, which carried a single 32-pdr long gun, a 24-pdr and four 32-pdr Carronades, of which Brown was in command. That autumn, Chauncey’s squadron, including Oneida and Governor Tompkins, set out to destroy the Royal George. After an inconclusive engagement on 9 November, they were more successful a few days later on the 12th and destroyed the British schooner Two Brothers and the merchantmen Mary Hatt and Elizabeth - within two months Chauncey had run the Provincial Squadron off Lake Ontario. After a heavy winter, in which both sides tried to build new warships, the largest joint operation between the U.S. army and navy since their inception, took place: the Battle of York. Chauncey’s squadron, along with 1,700 troops, was successful in its attack on the Canadian port and, in addition to forcing the British to withdraw, captured the Duke of Gloucester which, at the time, was described as a ‘decaying’ schooner and was put to use by Chauncey as a floating magazine. After this success, Chauncey’s squadron went on to capture Fort George causing the British to relinquish control of the lake for the rest of the war. Brown was promoted to Commander on 1 March 1815 and Captain ten years later. At his death on 28 November 1828, Brown left a widow, Emma Brown (who wrote and initialled the note pinned to the jack), and two children, Eliza and Isaac. The fifteen-star flag was used by the United States between 1795 and 1818 and was the second incarnation of this iconic design. Like the Royal Navy, American naval vessels flew three flags: the ensign at the stern, the jack at the prow, and the commission pennant at the main mast.

* The description of the above lot by the auctioneer in the language of the auction is the governing description. Any translation using Google translate is a guide only - its accuracy cannot be guaranteed and it is used at your own risk.
Estimate: 18,000 GBP - 25,000 GBP
Category: Fine Art & Antiques

Maritime and Scientific Models, Instruments & Art Including Property of The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology (IMarEST), The Peter McSloy Collection of Fine Navigational Instruments

  • Venue Address

  • 25 Blythe Road
  • London
  • W14 0PD
  • United Kingdom
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  • Sale Date

  • 01 May 2013 12:00 BST

Important Information


Lots purchased online with the-saleroom.com will attract an additional charge for this service in the sum of 3% of the hammer price plus VAT at the rate imposed

Buyer`s Premium 20% + VAT

Payment: Payment is due in Sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express). A 3% surcharge is payable on all credit card transactions; there is no charge for UK debit cards. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. Cash payments above £6,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement.

Shipping:
You may collect purchased property from us as soon as we have received cleared funds for all your purchases. You may also appoint a third party or a shipper to collect on your behalf. Please note that we require your written authority to release to a third party.

Terms and Conditions

Buying at Charles Miller Ltd


Our sales are held twice a year, typically in April and October. Our catalogues are available online and are circulated to our clients up to four weeks prior to the auction.



Catalogues



If you would like to receive our future catalogue please email, fax or post your details to us and we will be delighted to arrange this for you. The cost per catalogue is:



£18.00 at the gallery

£20.00 United Kingdom

£24.00 European

£24.00 Rest of the world



Catalogue Subscription Form



Condition Reports and Digital Images



We are happy to provide you with further information concerning any lot in the sale, such as detailed digital images and condition reports. We would strongly recommend that buyers view each lot prior to the sale. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Charles Miller Ltd is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any important notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the sale catalogue. All lots are offered and sold "as is" in accordance with the conditions of business printed in the sale catalogue.



Bidding In Person at the Sale



To register for a paddle we would suggest that you arrive an hour before the sale starts.



We will require two forms of identification such as a Passport, UK driving licence or ID card. We may also require credit card details or a banker's reference.



Absentee or Commission Bids



If you are unable to attend the sale we will be happy to execute bids on your behalf. We would ask that you notify us of this at least 24 hours before the sale. We will require a photocopy of two forms of identification such as a Passport, UK driving licence or ID card. We may also require credit card details or a banker's reference. Please contact the office or click the link below for a bidding form and fax it to us on:

+44 (0) 207 806 5531



Absentee Bidding Form



Please note that we accept absentee bids in accordance with our standard conditions of business.



Telephone Bidding



If you are unable to attend the sale but would like to be telephoned and instruct one of our telephone bidders to bid on your behalf then we will be happy to arrange this for you.



We would ask that you notify us of this at least 24 hours before the sale. We will require a photocopy of two forms of identification such as a Passport, UK driving licence or ID card. We may also require credit card details or a banker's reference. Please contact the office for a form and fax it to us on:



+44 (0) 207 806 5531



Please note that we accept telephone bids in accordance with our standard conditions of business.

Online Bidding
Charles Miller Ltd offers an online bidding service via the-saleroom.com for bidders who cannot attend the sale.

In completing the bidder registration on www.the-saleroom.com and providing your credit card details and unless alternative arrangements are agreed with Charles Miller Ltd :

1. authorise Charles Miller Ltd , if they so wish, to charge the credit card given in part or full payment, including all fees, for items successfully purchased in the auction via the-saleroom.com, and

2. confirm that you are authorised to provide these credit card details to Charles Miller Ltd through www.the-saleroom.com and agree that Charles Miller Ltd are entitled to ship the goods to the card holder name and card holder address provided in fulfilment of the sale.

Please note that any lots purchased via the-saleroom.com live auction service will be subject to an additional 3% commission charge + VAT at the rate imposed on the hammer price



Payment



Payment is due immediately after the sale for the total amount bid plus buyer's premium and tax, where applicable on that premium. In accordance with our conditions of business we accept payment in cash (up to £6000), by credit card (up to £6000) or debit card, or by sterling cheque. We regret that we do not accept American Express. A 4% surcharge is payable on all credit card transactions; there is no charge for UK debit cards. International debit cards attract a 4% surcharge

: 40-19-04

Account Number: 01754750

Account Name: Charles Miller Ltd

Vat Registration Number: GB 928 5771 81







For lots sold from WITHIN the EU, if the client is VAT registered and not using the Auctioneers Special Scheme, full VAT at 20% is levied on the hammer price and premium.



For lots imported from OUTSIDE the EU, the following VAT symbols are used:-

‡ For items over 100 years old: Import VAT of 5% payable on whole hammer price, less premium (a further 20% is payable on the premium.)



(Omega Symbol) For items under 100 years old: Import VAT of 20% payable on whole hammer price, less premium (a further 20% is payable on the premium.)

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